Spread of Coffee in Indonesia and Imports of Coffee from Indonesia
- Posted by globaladmin
- On November 27, 2020
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In history, coffee in Indonesia has come a long way from its inception to spread throughout the archipelago. Some old literature and articles that have previously reviewed the history of the entry of coffee to the Mother Earth state that in 1696 the Dutch government brought coffee from Malabar, a city in India, to Indonesia via Java Island.
The plot is written in one of the archives of the trade partnership/trade partnership of the Dutch East Indies Government, which is better known as the VOC (Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie). In 1707, Governor Van Hoorn distributed coffee seeds to Batavia, Cirebon, the Priangan area, and the northern coast of Java Island.
Coffee exports from Java
This new plant was finally successfully cultivated in Java from 1714-1715. About 9 years later, coffee production in Indonesia was so abundant and able to dominate the world market. Even at that time, the number of coffee exports from Java to Europe had exceeded the number of coffee exports from Mocha (Yemen) to Europe.
Not only that, if we use literature as a source to trace the history of coffee in Indonesia, we can also find references to the journey of coffee in “Serat Centhini; Tembangraras-Amongrogo “.
From this phenomenal ancient literary work, we will find implications that show the entry of coffee into Indonesia through Jatinegara, then spread to Tanah Priangan (West Java), until finally coffee cultivation can be found in almost all parts of Indonesia starting from Sumatra, the entire island of Java, Bali. , Sulawesi, Flores to Papua.
Coffee plant development in Indonesia
The trail of coffee plant development in Indonesia continues for many years thereafter. Eduard Doues Dekker also reviews the pressure experienced by coffee farmers in his writing, “Max Havelaar and the Coffee Auctions of the Dutch Trading Company”. Doues Dekker’s work played a role in helping to change public opinion about the cultivate system.
Then in the 1920s, small and medium-sized companies in Indonesia began to grow coffee as the main commodity and the coffee plantations of the Dutch ex-colonial government, mostly located in Java, were nationalized.
Indonesia is the largest coffee production
Slowly and regularly, Indonesia is transforming into the largest coffee production center in the world. Even today, one of the cities in the northern part of Sumatra Island, to be exact, the Gayo Highlands in Aceh, has confirmed its position as a center for Arabica coffee production with the largest land area in Asia.
This chronological sequence of history, if we trace it little by little to the end of the 20th century (the 1900s), is a strong foundation that has put Indonesia in its current position in the international world through the production of coffee commodities.
Indonesia is known as one of the fourth largest coffee-producing countries in the world after Brazil, Vietnam, and Colombia, and is also known as a country that is a reference country for producing good quality coffee.
Contact dan Information
By bringing quality Indonesian coffee beans to the global market, Global Coffee Indonesia is a part of the solution in promoting Indonesia commodities and community empowerment.
- Address: AKR Tower 16th floor, Jalan Panjang No.5, Jakarta, Indonesia
- Contact Person : +62 812 75070 897
- Email: firstname.lastname@example.org