- Posted by globaladmin
- On March 15, 2021
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- History of Java Preanger Coffee
History of Java Preanger Coffee – It cannot be denied that Indonesia is the fourth largest coffee producer in the world after Brazil, Vietnam, and Colombia. Becoming one of the largest coffee producers is nothing new for Indonesia.
Apparently, Indonesia’s track record in the coffee industry has occurred since Indonesia was controlled by the Dutch colonial, namely in 1696. So, it’s no wonder that until now Indonesia has coffee production with an average of 639 thousand tons per year (72.84 percent). robusta coffee and 27.16 percent arabica coffee).
Then, what coffee was famous at that time?
Java Island became the first entry of coffee in Indonesia. Hearing the area, not far from our discussion this time is Java Preanger Coffee. Yes, this coffee became a famous coffee at that time, even today. Because coffee is a witness to the history of the entry of coffee in Indonesia. Through this Java Preanger, the term ‘A Cup of Java’ emerged.
History of Java Preanger
Java Preanger is a historic Indonesian coffee that originated from the forced cultivation system in the 17th century. The name Preanger was used by the Dutch when referring to the Priangan area in the Malabar Mountains region, West Java. At that time, the Dutch Government saw the potential in Java, especially the Priangan area.
Then, they built and developed coffee plantations in Indonesia which would later be exported to the Netherlands and other European countries. Initially, the Mayor of Amsterdam, Nicholas Witsen in 1696 asked the commander of the Dutch troops in Malabar, Adrian Van Ommen, to bring Arabica coffee seeds to Indonesia.
Unfortunately, the coffee seeds that were brought were experiencing crop failure caused by the flood. Then, the Dutch Government’s efforts to develop coffee in Indonesia were carried out again in 1699.
The first experiment was carried out at Pondok Kopi, Batavia. Seeing the success that has occurred, the Government has begun to establish and develop coffee plantations in the Priangan area, West Java.
The success in developing coffee plantations can be seen from the spread of coffee fields throughout Java in 1750. The first distribution of Indonesian coffee beans was carried out in 1711. The first exports were made from Java to Europe which involved a Dutch-owned trading organization known as Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (VOC).
The VOC began to monopolize the coffee trade from 1725 to 1780. Since then Indonesia has been known as the largest coffee-producing country in the world. At that time, the VOC made an agreement that obliged natives to grow coffee and the product had to be submitted to the VOC. This system is known as the Koffiestelsel (Coffee System).
The quality of Indonesian coffee beans produced does not disappoint consumers, especially for the European region. Coffee from the land of Java which we know as Java Preanger is so well known in Europe.
Because of its popularity, Europeans often call it ‘A Cup of Java’ and no longer call it ‘A Cup of Coffee’ when drinking coffee. Starting up to the 19th century, Java Preanger was the best coffee in the world. Java Preanger is often planted at an altitude of about 1000 meters above sea level according to the characteristics of Arabica coffee.
The spread of Java Preanger plantation itself includes several areas whose names are now familiar to specialty coffee enthusiasts such as Mount Cikuray, Mount Papandayan, Mount Malabar, Mount Caringin, Mount Halu, Mount Patuha, Mount Tilu, Mount Beser, Mount Burangrang, Mount Tangkuban Perahu, and Mount Manglayang.
Java Preanger Varieties
Java Preanger coffee beans come from the Arabica coffee plant which is grown at an altitude of more than 1000 meters above sea level. This area is included in the climate and soil is suitable for cultivating Arabica coffee.
The planted seeds think about ecological principles that pay attention to the environment and use organic fertilizers with the agricultural concept of Low External-Input and Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA).
The Arabica coffee varieties that are preserved are the Ateng, Linea 795, Sigararutang, Kartika, East Timor, and Andung Sari varieties. Java Preanger is a matter of pride for Indonesia, especially West Java. The success of Java Preanger Coffee then began to appear coffee from various regions, such as Sumatra, Bali, Sulawesi, and the Timor Islands.
Contact and Information
By bringing quality Indonesian coffee beans to the global market, Global Coffee Indonesia is a part of the solution in promoting Indonesia commodities and community empowerment.
- Address: AKR Tower 16th floor, Jalan Panjang No.5, Jakarta, Indonesia
- Contact Person: +62 812 75070 897