Coffee from West Java is always called Java Preanger Coffee
- Posted by globaladmin
- On March 23, 2021
- 0 Comments
- Coffee from West Java
Coffee from West Java – There are many views, opinions, and designations about coffee from West Java. In general, people know and call it Java Preanger coffee, it is not wrong … because since the Dutch era coffee from West Java was very well known as “Java” and because coffee was first grown in the Priangan area, the nickname known to the wider community was “Java Preanger. “.
West Java is Always Called Java Preanger Coffee
Since then, coffee from West Java has always been called Java Preanger Coffee, both arabica coffee and robusta coffee, until now this designation is still very attached to the community, every coffee cultivated in West Java is still called Java Preanger coffee.
The awakening of the enthusiasm, interest, and motivation of coffee farmers gave a special meaning to the West Java government, especially at that time the Governor was very concerned about the absorption of labor in all aspects. Through the West Java Provincial Plantation Office, in 2011 the Governor provided Production Processing Unit (UPH) facilities for coffee farmers in 4 districts (Bandung, West Bandung, Garut, and Ciamis) with the aim of increasing labor absorption and improving the quality of West Java coffee.
Geographical Indication of Java Preanger Arabica Coffee
In the same year, the protection of the geographical indication of Java Preanger coffee began to be processed, both the formation of the Geographical Indication Protection Society (MPIG) and the preparation of books and maps of geographical indications that would be used as requirements for obtaining Geographical Indications.
The initial stage of protection of the proposed geographical indication is limited to Arabica coffee which based on the test results has a distinctive and unique taste. This distinctive and unique taste is limited to arabica coffee which is planted at an altitude of above 1,000 meters and happens to be in the areas of Mount Cikuray, Mount Papandayan, Mount Malabar, Mount Caringin, Mount Tilu, Mount Patuha, Mount Halu, Mount Beser, Mount Burangrang, Mount Tangkuban Perahu, and Mount Manglayang.
To ensure the distinctive taste of the coffee from 11 Mountains, and to obtain a specific taste, a more detailed test was carried out so that 2 variants were divided. These two variants are protected through a geographic indication certificate.
Now Java Preanger Arabica Coffee has received a Geographical Indication (GI) with No. ID G 000000022 from the Ministry of Law and Human Rights, which was officially announced on 5 June 2013 – 5 September 2013 by the Directorate General of Intellectual Property Rights and submitted by the Minister of Law and Human Rights of the Republic of Indonesia to the Deputy Governor of West Java on 22 October 2013.
Protection of Geographical Indication Rights
Protection of Geographical Indication Rights is given as long as the distinctive characteristics and qualities which are the basis for the protection of the Geographical Indications still exist. The Geographical Indication Certificate is attached with a book of requirements that is inseparable from the certificate, thus all matters relating to Java Preanger Arabica Coffee are contained in the book of requirements, both regarding harvesting methods, processing methods, products traded, product quality, and marketer code. Of course, to maintain the required characteristics, the mandate contained in the book should be carried out and obeyed.
Character “Arabica Java Preanger Coffee”
Derived from the Arabica type coffee plant which is grown in the Priangan highlands in West Java Province, namely areas that have an agro-climate suitable for the cultivation of Arabica coffee. It is planted in upland areas with a minimum altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level (asl), which has cold and dry air, and rainfall between 2,000 – 3,000 mm / year, and wet months between 6-7 months each year.
Derived from the Arabica coffee plant which is formed from selected and superior varieties, which are planted under shade trees and cultivated on ecological principles that pay attention to environmental sustainability, and are fertilized mainly by using organic fertilizers with the concept of Low External Input or Low External agriculture. -Input and Sustainable Agriculture (LEISA).
The cultivated Arabica coffee varieties are Ateng, Linea 795, Sigararutang, Kartika, East Timor, and Andung Sari varieties.
The boundaries regarding the KAJP are also clearly and clearly stated in the geographic indication requirements book. Java Preanger Arabica Coffee (KAJP) is coffee from the Arabica type produced by farmers in the Priangan region and grown in the Priangan highlands at an altitude of at least 1,000 meters above sea level (asl). For the protection of geographic indications, the KAJP taste certificate is divided into 2 (two) variants, 1).
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